Individuals suffering with insomnia, whether temporary or chronic, have difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep during the night, or both. Upon waking, they are left feeling tired and irritable and have a hard time functioning throughout the day.
Those suffering from insomnia are left feeling tired, irritable, lethargic, and unable to focus. This is a particular problem when driving or performing safety-critical tasks at work. Quality of life, safety, and health are all impacted by insomnia and the lack of restful sleep.
Treatment of insomnia starts with cognitive behavior education and developing a plan for sleep therapy. Sleeping pills may be prescribed, but should not be regarded as the first or long term solution. If you believe you suffer from the symptoms of insomnia, schedule an appointment with your physician or sleep specialist.
There are many varying degrees of insomnia. Transient or short term insomnia is the most common, caused by stress or excitement those suffering from transient insomnia are typically only impacted for a few nights. Intermittent insomnia is characterized by difficulty sleeping over the course of several weeks. Chronic insomnia, the most debilitating form, impacts sleep nightly over a month or more.
Insomnia can affect people of all ages. However, senior citizens, women, specifically those after menopause, and those with a current depression or anxiety disorder are more susceptible to suffering from chronic insomnia.
Quality of sleep can be impacted by lifestyle-related factors such as stress, or environmental conditions, such as noise levels, extremes in temperature and changes in sleeping locations and time zones. Some medications can trigger episodes of sleeplessness. Stimulants such as nicotine and caffeine can prevent the onset of sleep or trigger awakenings throughout the night. The causes of chronic insomnia are more complex, often involving a variety of underlying mental or physical disorders.